Grass is everywhere. Well, almost everywhere. There are countless varieties of grass and countless applications for grass too. In this article we aim to list a couple of the best Australian native grasses for multiple different applications, keeping it as simple as possible.
Native grasses can be used for lawns. There are several advantages for this in that once established, the maintenance of native lawns is much less than for most exotic type lawns. Some native lawns may only need mowing three to four times per year. Little fertiliser is required and water use is reduced.
There are considerable benefits to be gained from the use of native grasses in landscaping. There are many grasses to choose from in a variety of shapes and sizes. After all there are more than 1000 species of exclusively Australian native species of grass that can be set to match the other plants in landscaping. Tall grasses provide accents, short types can provide ground cover and colour, and at the same time seedheads varying from white to purple and many shades in between can add colour and texture to gardens and commercial landscaping.
For those that do not have a significant percentage of native grasses already present in their pastures, it is likely that they will have to sow at least one native grass in order to provide a backbone around which the other species will develop. It is our view that the choice of the backbone species should be based on knowledge of the grasses that are most prevalent locally, the availability of high quality seed and, very importantly, the weeds that are likely to be a concern.
Mine site rehabilitation / restoration
Following mining, or other disruptive earthworks, there is always a need to revegetate the site with a suitable mix of plant species. Frequently revegetation efforts are aimed at establishing the climax species of plants i.e. those that would have been the dominant species when the site was originally discovered. For those sites in forests and open woodlands it could be the largest and most dominant tree while in grasslands it might be the most dominant species of grass. It seems that many people when determining the species to establish simply aim for the final vegetation community rather than considering the ecological processes and progressions that occur in site colonisation. All too often people forget that a forest does not simply become a forest, as if by magic, but reaches that condition through a number of developmental stages.
- The type of grass for mine site restoration really depends on which grasses were present initially. If you are looking for advice on quantities needed to restore a mine site, please give us a call on 1300 4 73337 (free call), we are more than happy to discuss your seed requirements!
We hope you enjoyed reading part 1 of our “Grasses for different applications explained!” 3-part article series. Stay tuned as our next part will be released soon, covering land rehab, vineyards, golf courses and erosion control!