Red Grass Identification
|Scientific name||Bothriochloa macra||Common name(s)||Red grass
Pitted Beard Grass
Lachlan (LIG 002)
Red grass is a warm-season perennial grass that has green or reddish leaves. It grows close to the ground with little foliage higher than 10 cm if left un-mowed or un-grazed. It produces slender reddish-purple flowering stems, which grow up to 80 cm in summer and early autumn. red grass is extremely hardy and can withstand long periods of drought. During the winter, red grass enters a dormant period.
|Tolerance||Low to moderate frost tolerance
High drought tolerance
High heat tolerance
|Soil||Red grass grows on a variety of soil types but grows best on heavy clays and loams. It is at its best on heavy soils of low fertility and will establish readily on cracking soils. It prefers slightly acid to neutral pH soils.|
The seed will germinate only under warm conditions (air temperatures consistently above 25°C). Seed is best sown in spring or early summer. Late autumn seedlings can be damaged by frost. Sow seed on or close to the surface and keep the soil moist. The seedbed needs to be kept weedfree for several months as the seedlings are slow to develop.
|Sowing rate||Sow pelletised seed at a rate of 5 – 10 kg per hectare for pasture
Sow pelletised seed at a rate of 10 – 25 kg per hectare for revegetation
Sow pelletised seed at a rate of 30 – 50 kg per hectare for lawns
Golf course roughs
Revegetation and land rehabilitation
Distribution of red grass
Redgrass is a warm season grass and occurs along the eastern seaboard of Australia, mainly in coastal, tablelands and slopes environments. It survives well in harsh dryland conditions where less hardy grasses usually fail. Redgrass is commonly found with Wallaby grass and/or Queensland Bluegrass.